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12 January, 08:47

The synthesis of the enzyme lipase would be classified as anabolic because A) the resulting enzyme can catalyze the breakdown of lipids for energy. B) energy is captured in the bonds linking amino acids that compose lipase. C) entropy increases as amino acids are joined into the sequence making up lipase. D) an increase in temperature is required to make the enzyme. E) individual amino acids have greater free energy than polymerized amino acids.

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  1. 12 January, 10:39
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    B) energy is captured in the bonds linking amino acids that compose lipase.

    Explanation:

    Anabolic reactions are chemically defined as synthesis reactions in opposition to Catabolic reactions, in which a degradation of chemical compounds occurs. Thus, in anabolic transformations simpler reagents are used to produce more complex substances. In the particular case of the synthesis of a lipase, a number of amino acids are chemically bonded to form a polymerized structure, clearly chemically more complex, known as polypeptide.

    An increase in chemical complexity always requires an investment of energy, considering that building a larger molecule implies bonding more reagents or precursor into the final product. Thus, the increase in the energy content of the product (in this case the lipase) when comparing to each precursor (individuals amino acids) will be reflected in the linking (covalent) bonds between amino acids. Of course, there is always a certain amount of energy that is lost as heat during any chemical transformation (not all the energy invested in the synthesis will be captured in the product).

    The overall of all anabolic reaction which take place inside the cell is called anabolism, while the whole set degradation chemical reaction occurring within the cell is known as catabolism. Being said that, it is clear that anabolism and catabolism, when being considered jointly, conform the metabolism as a whole and coordinated cellular process.
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