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12 January, 16:30

The reaction of sodium peroxide and water produces sodium hydroxide and oxygen gas. The following balanced chemical equation represents the reaction.

2 Na^2O^2 (s) + 2 H2O (l) → 4 NaOH (s) + O^2 (g)

If 15.7 moles of sodium hydroxide are produced, how many moles of O2 will be made?

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  1. 12 January, 17:35
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    3.925 mol.

    Explanation:

    From the balanced equation:

    2 Na₂O₂ (s) + 2 H₂O (l) → 4 NaOH (s) + O₂ (g),

    It is clear that 2 moles of Na₂O₂ react with 2 moles of H₂O to produce 4 moles of NaOH and 1 mole of O₂.

    Using cross multiplication:

    4 moles of NaOH produced with → 1 mole of O₂.

    15.7 moles of NaOH produced with →? mole of O₂.

    ∴ The no. of moles of O₂ made = (1 mole) (15.7 mole) / (4 mole) = 3.925 mol.
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