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28 February, 22:17

What is the relationship between the atomic numbers and ionic radii of the elements in the group 7a

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  1. 28 February, 22:43
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    The ionic radii increase as the atomic numbers increase.

    Explanation:

    As we go down a Group, we are adding one more electron shell to the ion.

    Each successive shell is bigger than the one before it, so the ionic radius should increase with increasing atomic number.

    Here is a table of the ionic radii of the X⁻ ions.

    Element Z r/pm

    F 9 133

    Cl 17 181

    Br 35 196

    I 53 220

    At 85 227

    However, the relation between r and Z is not linear (see graph).

    All we can say is the ionic radius increases as the atomic number increases.
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