15 September, 17:12

# A steel bar that is at 10 ° c is 5 meters long, a bar for heated to 120 ° c, how long is that bar? Α = 1.2.10 - ° c2) A square plate has 50cm side at 40 ° c knowing that α = 1,5-10-⁷ ° c¹to determine:A) the surface expansion coefficient β (β = 2.α)B) Sheet area at 100 ° c (∆a = βAo.∆T)3) A cube-shaped body has a volume of 1600cm³ at 20 ° c. Knowing that α = 2.7-10-⁵ ° c-¹To determineA) The coefficient of volumetric expansion γ. (Γ = 3.α)B) If the body is heated to 160 ° C, what is the volume of the cube? (∆V = γ. Vo.∆T)

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1. 15 September, 19:06
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1) 5.0066 m

2A) β = 3*10⁻⁷ / °C

2B) 2500.045 cm²

3A) γ = 8.1*10⁻⁵ / °C

3B) 1618.144 cm³

Explanation:

1) Linear thermal expansion is:

ΔL = α L₀ ΔT

where ΔL is the change in length,

α is the linear thermal expansion coefficient,

L₀ is the original length,

and ΔT is the change in temperature.

Given L₀ = 5 m, ΔT = 110°C, and α = 1.2*10⁻⁵ / °C:

ΔL = (1.2*10⁻⁵ / °C) (5 m) (110°C)

ΔL = 0.0066 m

The length increases by, so the new length is:

L = L₀ + ΔL

L = 5 m + 0.0066 m

L = 5.0066 m

2A) The surface expansion coefficient is:

β = 2α

β = 2 (1.5*10⁻⁷ / °C)

β = 3*10⁻⁷ / °C

2B) The change in area is:

ΔA = β A₀ ΔT

ΔA = (3*10⁻⁷ / °C) (50 cm * 50 cm) (60°C)

ΔA = 0.045 cm²

So the new area is:

A = A + ΔA

A = 2500 cm² + 0.045 cm²

A = 2500.045 cm²

3A) The volumetric expansion coefficient is:

γ = 3α

γ = 3 (2.7*10⁻⁵ / °C)

γ = 8.1*10⁻⁵ / °C

3B) The change in volume is:

ΔV = γ V₀ ΔT

ΔV = (8.1*10⁻⁵ / °C) (1600 cm³) (140°C)

ΔV = 18.144 cm³

So the new area is:

V = V + ΔV

V = 1600 cm³ + 18.144 cm³

V = 1618.144 cm³