1 October, 07:14

# You have a radioactive sample with a half-life of 1 hour. At t = 1 hour, a Geiger counter measures its radiation at 40 counts/minute. At t = 4 hours, it measures 5 counts/minute. Fill in the table for the activity at the unknown times (in counts/minute).Time Geiger Counter Radiation Rate0 hours1 hour 40 counts/minute2 hours3 hours4 hours 5 counts/minute

+5
1. 1 October, 07:57
0
Given that,.

The half-life of a radioactive element is

t½ = 1 hr.

At the first hour, the radioactive element has 40 counts/minute

After 4 hours it has 5 counts/minute

So,

We want to filled the table.

0 hours, I. e at the start

40 counts/mins * 2 = 80 counts / mis

First half-life (first hour) is

40 counts/mins

Second half-life (second hour)

40 counts/mins * ½ = 20 counts/mins

Third half-life (third hour)

40 counts/mins * ¼ = 10 counts / mins

Fourth half life (fourth hour)

40 counts/mins * ⅛ = 5 counts / mins

So, the table is

Time ... Geiger Counter Rate

0 hours ... 80 counts / minutes

1 hour ... 40 counts / minutes

2 hours ... 20 counts / minutes

3 hours ... 10counts / minutes

4 hours ... 5 counts / minute