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3 June, 00:55

You have a stopped pipe of adjustable length close to a taut 62.0 cmcm, 7.25 gg wire under a tension of 4710 NN. You want to adjust the length of the pipe so that, when it produces sound at its fundamental frequency, this sound causes the wire to vibrate in its second overtone with very large amplitude. The speed of sound in air is 344 m/sm/s. How long should the pipe be?

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  1. 3 June, 02:08
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    6 cm long

    Explanation:

    F = 4110N

    Vo (speed of sound) = 344m/s

    Mass = 7.25g = 0.00725kg

    L = 62.0cm = 0.62m

    Speed of a wave in string is

    V = √ (F / μ)

    V = speed of the wave

    F = force of tension acting on the string

    μ = mass per unit density

    F (n) = n (v / 2L)

    L = string length

    μ = mass / length

    μ = 0.00725 / 0.62

    μ = 0.0116 ≅ 0.0117kg/m

    V = √ (F / μ)

    V = √ (4110 / 0.0117)

    v = 592.69m/s

    Second overtone n = 3 since it's the third harmonic

    F (n) = n * (v / 2L)

    F₃ = 3 * [592.69 / (2 * 0.62)

    F₃ = 1778.07 / 1.24 = 1433.927Hz

    The frequency for standing wave in a stopped pipe

    f = n (v / 4L)

    Since it's the first fundamental, n = 1

    1433.93 = 344 / 4L

    4L = 344 / 1433.93

    4L = 0.2399

    L = 0.0599

    L = 0.06cm

    L = 6cm

    The pipe should be 6 cm long
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