 Chemistry
28 August, 09:15

# When 4.31 g of a nonelectrolyte solute is dissolved in water to make 635 mL of solution at 28 °C, the solution exerts an osmotic pressure of 945 torr. What is the molar concentration of the solution?

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1. 28 August, 09:21
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Molar concentration is 0.050 M

Explanation:

Osmotic pressure -

Osmotic pressure is pressure applied to stop the flow of solvent across a semipermeable membrane, from its high concentration to its low concentration, it is a type of colligative property, i. e., it depends on the number of moles of solute.

Osmotic pressure can be calculated from the formula -

π = CRT

π = Osmotic pressure (in atm)

C = molarity of the solution

R = universal gas constant (0.082 L. atm / K. mol)

T = temperature (Kelvin)

From the question,

π = 945 torr

since,

760 torr = 1 atm

1 torr = 1 / 760 atm

945 torr = 1 / 760 * 945 atm

945 torr = 1.24 atm

Temperature = T = 28°C

(adding 273 To °C to convert it to K)

T = 28 + 273 = 301 K

Using the equation of osmotic pressure,

π = CRT

C = π / RT

putting the

C = 1.24 atm / 0.082 L. atm / K. mol * 301 K

C = 1.24 / 24.68

C = 0.050 M

Hence,

The Molar concentration is 0.050 M.