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28 November, 18:25

A 0.050 kg bullet strikes a 5.0 kg stationary wooden block and embeds itself in the block. The block and the bullet fly off together at 9.0 m/s. What was the original velocity of the bullet?

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  1. 28 November, 19:47
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    Answer: 909 m/s

    Explanation:

    Given

    Mass of the bullet, m1 = 0.05 kg

    Mass of the wooden block, m2 = 5 kg

    Final velocities of the block and bullet, v = 9 m/s

    Initial velocity of the bullet v1 = ? m/s

    From the question, we would notice that there is just an object (i. e the bullet) moving before the collision. Also, even after the collision between the bullet and wood, the bullet and the wood would move as one object. Thus, we would use the conservation of momentum to solve

    m1v1 = (m1 + m2) v, on substituting, we have

    0.05 * v1 = (0.05 + 5) * 9

    0.05 * v1 = 5.05 * 9

    0.05 * v1 = 45.45

    v1 = 45.45 / 0.05

    v1 = 909 m/s

    Thus, the original velocity of the bullet was 909 m/s
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